How to measure innovation at the territorial level is one of the most challenging endeavours in the field of innovation policy. Among the multiple scoreboards that aim to measure innovation at a territorial level INNOPOLIS focuses on the European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS). Scoreboards such as the EIS are based on the use of a synthetic measure that provides a final ranking. While their relevance for the practice of innovation policy is low, they have strong policy implications, since many political decisions are made on the conclusions drawn from them.
INNOPOLIS aims to transform innovation scoreboards into useful instruments for the definition, measurement and directionality of innovation policies.
Departing from publicly available data (i.e. the EIS) INNOPOLIS will go beyond the state-of-the-art by multiple perspectives measures (i.e. glasses) that allow to capture the inherent multidimensionality of innovation systems. As a result, INNOPOLIS will interpret the same reality from different but complementary perspectives. To use a metaphor, INNOPOLIS will develop technology equivalent to the Video Assistant Referee (VAR), but for assessing innovation systems rather than football, and providing directionality to policy makers rather than to referees. This constitutes a paradigm shift with respect to current innovation policy practice, which consists of implementing policies politicians ‘sense’ will work, or that will simply give them greater political returns, following the-more-the-better logics.
INNOPOLIS sets four objectives:
1)To develop new perspectives (i.e. glasses) that provide alternative views on performance of innovation systems, at national and regional levels, and in static and dynamic contexts.
- Each of these lenses represents a methodology that will provide a particular view of a multidimensional reality.
2)To develop a new technology (i.e. computational software) that includes the above perspectives in an online dashboard.
- The multiple perspectives introduced in the INNOPOLIS software will allow for a comprehensive characterization of ISs, identifying their main failures, and increasing the breadth of vision of innovation policies and policy makers, so innovation policies have a clear target;
- After INNOPOLIS policy makers will have a software-based online dashboard where they can simulate how their innovation policies influence the different dimensions of the IS, which are captured by the previous perspectives.
3)To provide directionality and additionality to policy makers.
- INNOPOLIS will allow for resource reallocation/redistribution decisions, identifying those policy areas where additional support is needed, using the excess for investment in inefficient domains, so more efficient and effective resource allocation decisions can be made aiming for more competitive innovation systems.
4)To translate results into policy recommendations.
- INNOPOLIS will assist policy makers in the identification of benchmarks, at national and regional levels, also signalling the indicators to be benchmarked by every territory.
- INNOPOLIS will nurture the exchange of experiences and mutual learning.